Dog owners may be worried about whether their pet can get COVID-19 coronavirus or spread the infection? This question is especially relevant if someone in the family has contracted COVID-19.
Dogs can really get covid (1). But such cases are rare. More often, animals have been infected by close contact with humans with the coronavirus. Therefore, dog owners need to know about the prevention and treatment of COVID-19 in dogs.
How does covid occur in dogs?
In most cases, dogs infected with SARS-CoV-2 have no symptoms or experience mild cold symptoms that do not need treatment (2). Therefore, don’t be too worried about it.
The only symptoms that should cause concern are:
- shortness of breath;
- runny nose;
- diarrhea, vomiting;
These complications are very rare in dogs. Just watch your pet’s condition.
What should I do if my dog has COVID-19?
If so, you can call your veterinarian for advice. If your dog does not have any signs of the disease, you do not need to take any special measures.
If you observe any of the above symptoms in your dog, then your vet will prescribe the appropriate treatment. You don’t need to go with your pet to the clinic.
Do dogs need to be tested for coronavirus? The test is prescribed only if the dog has been in contact with a COVID-19 patient and has manifestations of the disease. In other cases, dogs do not need to be tested for coronavirus.
If someone in the house has contracted the SARS-CoV-2 virus or if the dog tests positive, you should stick to self-isolation. Walk your dog away from public places and keep your dog away from other people and animals.
The veterinarian will tell you how long the self-isolation should last. A repeat covid test may be necessary.
How do I protect my dog from COVID-19?
If someone in your family has COVID-19, follow these rules to reduce the risk to your pet:
- The sick person should avoid close contact with their pet. You shouldn’t cuddle your dog, sleep in the same bed with it or share food with it.
- If you can’t avoid contact with your dog, wear a protective mask and wash your hands before touching the dog or its bowl.
Important. You should not wear a mask on your pet. Only use pet antiseptics to wipe the coat. You can also use products to clean your dog's bed or other surfaces. Do not use hand sanitizer on your dog.
The risk of animals spreading COVID-19 to people is considered low (3). Scientists agree that the virus is only transmitted from person to person.
So you shouldn’t leave animals outside in fear of the coronavirus. But also do not ignore the rules of hygiene – wash your hands after contact with a dog.